Maybe it will help? Wayne Gerdes – CleanMPG – April 19, 2023 2023 Lexus RZ450e Toyota is doubling down on “Mobility for All” with their latest program called “Empact” which is based on the combination of “environmental impact” and “empowering action”. The strategy focuses on access to charging, affordable mobility, and most importantly, reducing carbon emissions. Charging - Toyota is working with cities to identify locations for charging station deployment in order to serve PHEV and BEV owners more efficiently. Initially, the L2 and DCFC locations will include off-street or private parking and areas of higher population density including multi-family housing. Affordability – Similar to Tesla’s own proprietary network, Toyota will explore cost-effective L2 public charging deployment <-- A mistake imho, for greater acceptance of PHEV and BEVs. DCFCing can cost up to three times more than home L2 charging. On the affordable mobility front, Toyota will continue providing its portfolio of electrified vehicle options as part of the “Beyond Zero” vision, including four HEVs starting under $31,000 (Prius, Corolla, Camry, and Corolla Cross), two PHEVs (Prius and RAV4 Prime), and the all-electric Toyota bZ4X. Lexus also provides eight electrified vehicle options, including the all-electric RZ 450e. Toyota is looking at lowering the overall cost of its zero-emission rental vehicles for business or personal use. Emissions – Toyota is working with WattTime who recommends times to charge BEV and PHEVs when charging from the grid is forecasted to have lower carbon emissions or is likely to have a lower potential health impact over the long term. Toyota’s Clean Assist program allows U.S. customers with an active Remote Connect trial or subscription in California, to receive 100 percent of their charge matched with renewable electricity. All in, PHEV/BEV affordability is the largest hurdle with no Fed Tax credits for any of the Toyota/Lexus models. L2 for daily drivers is ok but having a vehicle camped on an L2 for 4 to 5-hours means it will be camped on the same overnight leaving no time for another owner to charge. On the emissions front, time of use (TOU) pricing is a great incentive for most to charge from home during the overnight hours. Will that idea move to a larger public charging infrastructure? Who knows?