Not a good look as Manufacturers that did not back the Administration received an antitrust inquiry from the DOJ. Wayne Gerdes – CleanMPG – November 1, 2019 Under Trump Administration pressure, Toyota entered into this legal action that will impact how emissions standards are applied with their own carefully worded release. GM, Toyota and members of the Automotive Alliance believe it is a far safer bet to back the White House in order to avoid Trump Administration retaliation. Ford, BMW, Volkswagen, and Honda already struck a deal to side with California and abide by its tougher rules, publicly opposing Mr. Trump. From the NY Times: "White House Pressed Car Makers to Join Its Fight Over California Emissions Rules" story, after California filed its suit fighting the administration’s revocation of its emissions authority, the Department of Justice (DOJ) opened antitrust inquiries into Ford, BMW, Volkswagen, and Honda that has previously joined with California. The administration also sent a letter to the state threatening to withhold federal highway funds if it did not revoke its own emissions standards. The following is the one paragraph with the most pressure as Toyota already meets the emissions standards in all 50-states lead by California and has product plans in place to meet the final 2025 metric without changing product cadence laid out to date. “Needing to encourage consumers to trade in older, less efficient vehicles for newer vehicles that have higher fuel economy…” It has been pointed out tens of thousands of times including by Toyota themselves that a Toyota hybrid saves consumers thousands of dollars over the life of the vehicle along with a vast reduction in Greenhouse gas emissions vs the non-hybrid counterpart. I singled out Toyota because GM, Ford, FCA, Honda, Nissan, Hyundai, Subaru, Kia, and VW did not create a release on the matter. Toyota and the rest of the OEMs have a tough enough time to keep their heads above water without this kind of political BS!