Those coal plants are being built as part of the One Belt One Road initiative. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_B...e#Leveraging_China’s_infrastructure_expertise Some of those plants are going up in places with unreliable, or no, power. Mostly it is a bone China is throwing to their coal sector, because they are cutting back on coal back home. China's people want clean air, and electricity production from coal is dropping there. So all these plug ins won't be powered by coal. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_China I'm sure you can find articles about new coal plants being built in China itself. What those articles tend to not mention is that for those new more efficient, cleaner plants that come on line, a greater amount of older, dirtier capacity is taken off the grid. In the US, we just grandfather those old plants under old regulations so they can keep on polluting.