Global Positioning Augmentation Service Corporation (GPAS) Newly Established for Commercialization of Centimeter-level High-precision Satellite Positioning Service. Wayne Gerdes – CleanMPG – July 24, 2017 Developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), todays GPS system including the mandatory satellites were officially named NAVSTAR GPS (NAVigation Satellite Timing and Ranging Global Positioning System). The United States Air Force 50th Space Wing manages the satellite constellation. The cost of maintaining the system is approximately US$750 million per year, which includes the replacement of aging satellites and R&D. Despite this fact, GPS is free for civilian use as a public good. Here is how the current U.S. GPS system works. With other nations become less trusting of the U.S. direction including leadership, some are moving toward their own GPS systems with even better accuracy allowing vastly improved military guidance and tracking solutions and far more consumer level commercial applications up to and including autonomous driving guidance. In that vein, Japan is moving ahead with their own… Hitachi Zosen, Development Bank of Japan, DENSO, Japan Radio, and Hitachi Automotive announced that they will establish a new company named Global Positioning Augmentation Service Corporation (GPAS) in the form of a joint investment. Recently, high-precision positioning information is increasingly used in fields of agriculture, construction, and disaster prevention. Demand for such information is expanding worldwide for both land-based and maritime applications. In Japan, Michibiki No.2 (Quasi-Zenith Satellite) was successfully launched on June 1, 2017 and is expected to generate diverse services using high-precision positioning information. Within a few years, GPAS aims to commercialize a service for centimeter-level precision global satellite positioning through verification testing utilizing a high-precision orbit and clock analysis tool. Seeking the cooperation of relevant authorities and businesses, GPAS will work to establish a fundamental technology that supports the global deployment of autonomous vehicles and agricultural/construction machinery, in addition to maritime and meteorological observation applications. As the nature of this project contributes to strengthening corporate competitiveness through cross-industry collaboration, Development Bank of Japan is investing in GPAS under a special financing program for supporting the competitiveness of growing companies and industries. Overview of Global Positioning Augmentation Service Corporation (GPAS) Headquarters: Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo Commercialization of centimeter-level high-precision satellite positioning service, etc.