Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

Discussion in 'In the News' started by xcel, Jan 21, 2013.

  1. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    [​IMG] The cleanest non BEV on the road today in fact.

    Wayne Gerdes - CleanMPG - Jan. 21, 2013

    2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 – $39,780 to start or $429 lease rate while providing its owners 13-miles on the plug and a 47/46/46 mpgUS city/hwy/combined rating when on the gas.

    Last week the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 went on-sale at select New York and California Honda dealers. And why is it rated the most fuel efficient given the 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid is rated at 47/47/47 mpgUS? For one, the 47/47/47 figure is apparently no more than pixie dust and two; on an MPGe basis the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV stand head and shoulders above its rivals.

    The 2014 Accord PHEV-11 has been Honda certified with an EPA 124/105/115 MPGe city/highway/combined rating in PHEV mode.

    Another interesting attribute is that it is the first production car in the U.S. to meet the new, more stringent LEV3/SULEV20 emissions standard, and will also qualify for single-occupant carpool-lane access in California. This makes my own PZEV Accord look like a particulate spewing monster by comparison, doesn't it? Not really but these SMOG forming emission levels are so low it takes the very latest gas analyzers to detect anything but H2O and CO2 coming from the tailpipe! The new LEV-III standards California is now beginning to implement are tough SOBs requiring the manufacturers to once again jump through some huge hoops not meant to be discerned by the average Joe. From NOx/NMOG and PM to CO2 emissions, LEV-III is going to get tough with the California fleet heading to Tier II/Bin2 by 2025 which essentially only a few Honda’s meet today.

    2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 is first to meet California's new strict LEV-III - SULEV20 standard

    On the day after Christmas, the California Air Resources Board approved the first car for sale in California that meets ARB's most stringent smog-emission standard to date.

    The 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-13 produces only 20 milligrams of combined smog-forming emissions per mile. This makes it the first gasoline-powered car in California to meet what is known as the SULEV20 standard, the most stringent in the nation and one-third cleaner (in terms of smog-forming pollution) than the previous lowest state standard.

    In addition, this Honda model has lower greenhouse gas emissions than the fleet average standard required by all cars in 2025, the equivalent of a 50-percent reduction from current required levels.

    The Executive Order allowing Honda to sell the newly certified ultra-clean cars in California was signed on December 21, following a detailed examination of emissions and performance test results. Honda began production of the car that same day.

    California’s Advanced Clean Car Program

    The Advanced Clean Cars program combines the control of soot (PM), smog-causing pollutants (NOx) and greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) into a single package of requirements for model years 2017 through 2025. The proposed rules will clean up gasoline- and diesel-powered cars even further and deliver increasing numbers of zero-emission vehicles. The package also includes provisions that will ensure adequate fueling infrastructure is available for the increasing numbers of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles planned for deployment in California. A dream but a dream still being dictated by ARB staff.

    When fully implemented, annual fuel costs to operate a car will be reduced by an average of 25 percent, with an overall cumulative savings of $22 billion by 2025.

    Greenhouse gas emissions from cars will be cut 34 percent from 2016 levels. Many of the technologies that reduce climate change emissions also significantly reduce the operating costs of passenger vehicles on a month-to-month basis for consumers. ARB analysis indicates that the advanced technologies used to achieve the new smog and greenhouse gas standards will increase a new vehicle’s price in 2025 by about $1,900, a sum more than offset by $6,000 in fuel cost savings over the life of the car. This will reduce the monthly cost of a new car by $12, even when considering the higher cost of the loan or lease.

    ARB economic analysis indicates that the overall savings generated by the proposed rules will result in an additional 21,000 jobs in California in 2025, rising to 37,000 in 2030.

    The proposed Advanced Clean Cars package of regulations is designed to deliver:
    • A savings of $5 Billion in operating costs in 2025 for California drivers. This will rise to $10 Billion in 2030 when more advanced cars are on the road

    • A 75 percent reduction in smog-forming emissions by 2025

    • Zero-emission or plug-in hybrid vehicles accounting for one in seven new cars sold in California in 2025 (15.4 percent)

    • A total of 1.4 million zero-emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles on the road in California by 2025

    • A reduction of 52 million tons of greenhouse gases by 2025, the equivalent of taking ten million cars off the road

    • A cumulative reduction of more than 870 million metric tons of greenhouse gases through 2050
    California Air Resources Board (CARB) LEV III Program

    “LEV III” Amendments To The California Greenhouse Gas And Criteria Pollutant Exhaust And Evaporative Emission Standards…

    Major reductions of criteria pollutant emissions are still required to achieve mandated State and federal ambient air quality standards. The majority of California residents live in areas that do not meet permissible air quality levels for regulated air pollutants. Most of these areas of “non-attainment” in California are due to exceedances in atmospheric concentrations of ozone and particulate matter. High atmospheric ozone levels in California are predominantly caused by emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), reactive organic gases (ROG), and carbon monoxide (CO) from both mobile and stationary sources. Light-duty passenger cars and trucks are responsible for a major fraction of these ozone forming emissions: NOx (15% of California emissions), CO (42%), and ROG (21%). In addition, light-duty vehicles are responsible for lesser portions of California’s overall particulate matter (PM) emissions (2% of PM10 and 3% of PM2.5).

    The existing LEV II program standards includes the emission category designations of Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV), Ultra LowEmission Vehicle (ULEV), and Super Ultra Low-Emission Vehicle (SULEV).

    Each certification level has its own permissible emission levels for non-methane organic gases (NMOG), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), formaldehyde (HCHO), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulate matter (PM). Different emission standards are established for intermediate full useful life (50,000-miles) and full useful life (120,000-miles) durability. Within the cleanest emission standard for vehicles, SULEV, a vehicle that incorporates more effective evaporative controls and a 15 year/150,000-mile emission warranty qualifies as a partial zero-emission vehicle (PZEV), a designation that offers credits within California’s Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program.

    The primary objective of the proposed standards is to require fleet average SULEV-level emissions performance from new vehicles by model year 2022.

    LEV III would add two new categories, ULEV50 and ULEV70, that are between the existing ULEV and SULEV categories and one new sub-SULEV category, SULEV20, that would be the new lowest vehicle emission category

    A word on the need for Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) Particulate Filters. The stringency of the proposed PM standard has not yet been determined; however, ARB staff is interested in ensuring foremost that new vehicle PM emissions levels do not gradually increase due to the emergence of new increased combustion efficiency engines. To ensure that PM emissions do not increase, the new PM standard will likely be between 2 and 4 mg/mile, depending on ongoing ARB emission testing and analysis.

    One important determination will be whether the proposed PM standard would effectively require particulate filters for gasoline direct injection technology, which is expected to become widespread as manufacturers comply with federal GHG regulations from model years 2012-2016. ARB staff has received input from a number of manufacturers suggesting that a standard of 3 mg PM/mi can be met for gasoline direct injection engines without requiring the use of particulate filters.

    Back to the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11

    Column1Column2Column3Column4
    MakeModelEPA Combined MPGe RatingEPA Fuel Economy City/Highway/Combined (mpgUS)
    HondaAccord PHEV-11115 MPGe47/46/46
    FordFusion Energi PHEV-21100 MPGe44/41/43
    ChevyVolt98 MPGe35/40/37
    ToyotaPrius PHEV95 MPGe51/49/50

    The 2014 Accord Plug-in Hybrid is powered by Honda’s two-motor hybrid system utilizing a 124-kilowatt (kW) electric traction motor that also acts like a continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) mated to a atkinsonized 2.0L i-VTEC I4. Electric-only operation is supported by a 6.7 kWh Li-Ion battery with regenerative braking provided by an all-new electric-servo braking system.

    To maximize driving efficiency, the new two-motor hybrid system allows the Accord Plug-In powertrain to transition seamlessly between all-electric EV Drive, gasoline-electric Hybrid Drive; and direct Engine Drive.

    Along with EV and HEV operation, Accord PHEV owners will be able to choose how they want to consume the stored electrical energy in the pack. In its default mode, the Accord PHEV acts as a BEV and will remain in full-electric mode until the SoC necessitates the automatic switch to gas/electric hybrid operation. At higher speeds and engine loads, such as during aggressive acceleration, the gas engine kicks in to provide additional power. There is a button on the center console that allows the driver to manually select or deselect EV mode allowing current or later EV mode in their neighborhood, or in city traffic on stop-and-go highway driving. In the driver-selectable “HV” mode, the plug-in Accord acts as a conventional hybrid, blending electric motor gasoline engine power to maximize fuel efficiency while maintaining the battery charge level for later use.

    The plug-in Accord can be fully charged from a low-charge indication point in less than three hours using the supplied 120V onboard charger when plugged into a standard 120V outlet and in less than one hour using a 240V Level-II charge. The free HondaLink EV smartphone application will allow owners to remotely monitor the charging state of the Accord Plug-In.

    Based on the Touring trim level of standard Accord Sedan but featuring unique but overly presumptuous styling cues.

    And about that price… It is a compliance vehicle today and maybe in a few years, the price will come down to make a lot more sense.
     
  2. Jay

    Jay Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Thanks for the article, Wayne. Once again, I am tempted to buy a much bigger, heavier car than I need to get the tech that manufacturers don't seem to want to apply to their smaller cars. sigh...
     
  3. waltermlee

    waltermlee Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Wow! Thanks, Wayne, for the heads up. Honda Engineers have been busy.
     
  4. 300TTto545

    300TTto545 Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Any idea why the MPGe blows away the competition? For the truly energy conscious, can you beat the Accord for short trips?

    The only cars to beat it are minicompacts that don't actually exist.
     
  5. EdwinTheMagnificent

    EdwinTheMagnificent Legend In His Mind

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    It's a Honda.
     
  6. herm

    herm Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    My guess is that it has a more efficient charger with lower house keeping and vampire phantom loads. Leaf, Volt and Tesla are pretty bad in that regard.
     
  7. noflash

    noflash Senior Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    When will it be available in lesser states? Did I miss it in the article?

    Cheers, nf
     
  8. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Hi Noflash:

    Probably not as Honda has not mentioned anything other than a what appears to be a CARB compliance vehicle. So far but that could change at any time depending on demand. I am not expecting demand to be all that high however as 13-miles and probably $13K over the HEV from which it is derived is a wallet crunching stretch.

    Wayne
     
  9. herm

    herm Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    I think you get about $5k incentives in California, bringing it down to an $8k premium.. still too much.
     
  10. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Hi All:

    A letter by Steven Center, VP of American Honda Environmental Business Development Office.

    It was with no small sense of pride in my company that I read this recent quote from Mr. Tom Cackette of California's Air Resources Board (ARB):
    The quote was contained in a December 26, 2012, press release from ARB announcing that our new Accord Plug-In is the first vehicle to meet ARB's new SULEV 20 standard, the most stringent tailpipe emissions regulation in the nation.

    Honda's effort to reduce automobile tailpipe emissions stretches back to the 1970swhen our company founder, Soichiro Honda, decided to end the first era of Honda Formula 1 racing in order to pursue a different race – the race to meet new emissions standards set forth under a 1970 amendment to the U.S. Clean Air Act. Mr. Honda saw this as a new race with everyone starting from the same starting line.

    The challenge was strongly embraced by a group of young Honda engineers, who were shocked by reports projecting the harmful effects of air pollution on future generations. These engineers took up the rallying cry "Blue Skies for our Children" and created the now legendary CVCC engine, the first vehicle to meet these new emissions standards without the need for a catalytic converter.

    But this proved to be only the first lap of a long race. In the intervening years, the Honda Civic and Accord together achieved a series of important milestones in the drive for cleaner air. This included America's very first Low Emission Vehicle, or LEV (1996 Civic), the first Ultra Low Emission Vehicle, or ULEV (1998 Accord), the first Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle or SULEV (2000 Accord), and the first gasoline powered Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle, or AT-PZEV_(2003 Civic Hybrid).

    While by no means alone in this effort, over a 30-year period in which Honda led the way in introducing automobile emissions controls, tailpipe emissions for U.S. passenger vehicles have dropped 99 percent. We demonstrated through our ingenuity and challenging spirit the path to achieve ever lower levels of tailpipe emissions both affordably and with minimal impact to vehicle performance.

    Last year, the CVCC engine marked its 40th birthday, but four decades later the race to reduce the environmental impact of Honda products is still being run, and run with a vengeance. With the Accord Plug-In launching in California and New York this week, tailpipe emissions are reduced to just 7 pounds over 150,000 miles of driving. By comparison, prior to the first LEV vehicle, typical passenger cars produced somewhere around 300 pounds of over the same distance.

    While these are important markers in our race for a more sustainable mobility future, there's no real finish line to this race, no checkered flag, no spray of champagne or chugging of milk. But it's a race that, in true Honda spirit, we love to run, knowing that every lap brings new challenges, new learning, and new chances to live up to the great legacy of those who first took up the rallying cry "Blue Skies for Our Children." I think Mr. Honda would be proud of our efforts to reduce smog-forming tailpipe emissions – but I imagine his next words would be "Get ready for the next race!" And so we will.
     
  11. CRT1

    CRT1 Newbie McNewbster

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    I don't understand where he gets 300 lbs from? Even if you are getting 10 miles to the gallon, a gallon of gas is about 6lbs x 15 gallons equals 90 lbs. What am I missing?
     
  12. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Hi CRT1:

    Steven is talking about smog forming emissions, not CO2.

    Wayne
     
  13. herm

    herm Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Perhaps we are missing the air that goes into the engine, oxygen combines with carbon to form CO2, oxygen is heavy.
     
  14. CRT1

    CRT1 Newbie McNewbster

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Ok, then I don't know where he is getting the 7lbs from.

    Is this just a marketing guy talking out his @$$?
     
  15. all_about_the_glide

    all_about_the_glide Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Three zeros.

    @10mpg you have 15k gallons or 90,000 pounds of gas. The new emissions figure is staggering.
     
  16. CRT1

    CRT1 Newbie McNewbster

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    OK, I get it, he is saying you can drive on the plug almost all the time, but that is ignoring upstream power generation emissions.
     
  17. all_about_the_glide

    all_about_the_glide Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Let's say his assumption was 90% on the plug, which I doubt, that pushes tail pipe emissions to 70 vs. 300. I agree, there are lots of devils in the details of upstream power generation emissions he's ignoring.
     
  18. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Hi All:

    He is not talking about CO2 or upstream burden. It is about NMOG or smog forming emissions at the tailpipe. The Accord PHEV is a SULEV20 and its emissions profile is almost nothing in that regard. CO2 is the same 29.6 to 30.0 pounds CO2 per gallon consumed.

    Wayne
     
  19. all_about_the_glide

    all_about_the_glide Well-Known Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Wayne I think that is what we are discussing. To the extent this car draws juice from the wall the NMOG emissions it causes are what it emits from the tail pipe plus those generated upstream.
     
  20. xcel

    xcel PZEV, there's nothing like it :) Staff Member

    Re: Honda’s 2014 Accord PHEV-13 Dives Deep into CARB LEV-III

    Hi All_about_the_glide:

    Got it. Upstream NMOG from electricity generation for any miles driven will be much more than 7 pounds let alone the build itself. Unless of course that was all renewable which it is not.

    Wayne
     

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