The cleanest non BEV on the road today in fact. Wayne Gerdes - CleanMPG - Jan. 21, 2013 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 – $39,780 to start or $429 lease rate while providing its owners 13-miles on the plug and a 47/46/46 mpgUS city/hwy/combined rating when on the gas. Last week the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 went on-sale at select New York and California Honda dealers. And why is it rated the most fuel efficient given the 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid is rated at 47/47/47 mpgUS? For one, the 47/47/47 figure is apparently no more than pixie dust and two; on an MPGe basis the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV stand head and shoulders above its rivals. The 2014 Accord PHEV-11 has been Honda certified with an EPA 124/105/115 MPGe city/highway/combined rating in PHEV mode. Another interesting attribute is that it is the first production car in the U.S. to meet the new, more stringent LEV3/SULEV20 emissions standard, and will also qualify for single-occupant carpool-lane access in California. This makes my own PZEV Accord look like a particulate spewing monster by comparison, doesn't it? Not really but these SMOG forming emission levels are so low it takes the very latest gas analyzers to detect anything but H2O and CO2 coming from the tailpipe! The new LEV-III standards California is now beginning to implement are tough SOBs requiring the manufacturers to once again jump through some huge hoops not meant to be discerned by the average Joe. From NOx/NMOG and PM to CO2 emissions, LEV-III is going to get tough with the California fleet heading to Tier II/Bin2 by 2025 which essentially only a few Honda’s meet today. 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 is first to meet California's new strict LEV-III - SULEV20 standard On the day after Christmas, the California Air Resources Board approved the first car for sale in California that meets ARB's most stringent smog-emission standard to date. The 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-13 produces only 20 milligrams of combined smog-forming emissions per mile. This makes it the first gasoline-powered car in California to meet what is known as the SULEV20 standard, the most stringent in the nation and one-third cleaner (in terms of smog-forming pollution) than the previous lowest state standard. In addition, this Honda model has lower greenhouse gas emissions than the fleet average standard required by all cars in 2025, the equivalent of a 50-percent reduction from current required levels. The Executive Order allowing Honda to sell the newly certified ultra-clean cars in California was signed on December 21, following a detailed examination of emissions and performance test results. Honda began production of the car that same day. California’s Advanced Clean Car Program The Advanced Clean Cars program combines the control of soot (PM), smog-causing pollutants (NOx) and greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) into a single package of requirements for model years 2017 through 2025. The proposed rules will clean up gasoline- and diesel-powered cars even further and deliver increasing numbers of zero-emission vehicles. The package also includes provisions that will ensure adequate fueling infrastructure is available for the increasing numbers of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles planned for deployment in California. A dream but a dream still being dictated by ARB staff. When fully implemented, annual fuel costs to operate a car will be reduced by an average of 25 percent, with an overall cumulative savings of $22 billion by 2025. Greenhouse gas emissions from cars will be cut 34 percent from 2016 levels. Many of the technologies that reduce climate change emissions also significantly reduce the operating costs of passenger vehicles on a month-to-month basis for consumers. ARB analysis indicates that the advanced technologies used to achieve the new smog and greenhouse gas standards will increase a new vehicle’s price in 2025 by about $1,900, a sum more than offset by $6,000 in fuel cost savings over the life of the car. This will reduce the monthly cost of a new car by $12, even when considering the higher cost of the loan or lease. ARB economic analysis indicates that the overall savings generated by the proposed rules will result in an additional 21,000 jobs in California in 2025, rising to 37,000 in 2030. The proposed Advanced Clean Cars package of regulations is designed to deliver: A savings of $5 Billion in operating costs in 2025 for California drivers. This will rise to $10 Billion in 2030 when more advanced cars are on the road A 75 percent reduction in smog-forming emissions by 2025 Zero-emission or plug-in hybrid vehicles accounting for one in seven new cars sold in California in 2025 (15.4 percent) A total of 1.4 million zero-emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles on the road in California by 2025 A reduction of 52 million tons of greenhouse gases by 2025, the equivalent of taking ten million cars off the road A cumulative reduction of more than 870 million metric tons of greenhouse gases through 2050 California Air Resources Board (CARB) LEV III Program “LEV III” Amendments To The California Greenhouse Gas And Criteria Pollutant Exhaust And Evaporative Emission Standards… Major reductions of criteria pollutant emissions are still required to achieve mandated State and federal ambient air quality standards. The majority of California residents live in areas that do not meet permissible air quality levels for regulated air pollutants. Most of these areas of “non-attainment” in California are due to exceedances in atmospheric concentrations of ozone and particulate matter. High atmospheric ozone levels in California are predominantly caused by emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), reactive organic gases (ROG), and carbon monoxide (CO) from both mobile and stationary sources. Light-duty passenger cars and trucks are responsible for a major fraction of these ozone forming emissions: NOx (15% of California emissions), CO (42%), and ROG (21%). In addition, light-duty vehicles are responsible for lesser portions of California’s overall particulate matter (PM) emissions (2% of PM10 and 3% of PM2.5). The existing LEV II program standards includes the emission category designations of Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV), Ultra LowEmission Vehicle (ULEV), and Super Ultra Low-Emission Vehicle (SULEV). Each certification level has its own permissible emission levels for non-methane organic gases (NMOG), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), formaldehyde (HCHO), carbon monoxide (CO), and particulate matter (PM). Different emission standards are established for intermediate full useful life (50,000-miles) and full useful life (120,000-miles) durability. Within the cleanest emission standard for vehicles, SULEV, a vehicle that incorporates more effective evaporative controls and a 15 year/150,000-mile emission warranty qualifies as a partial zero-emission vehicle (PZEV), a designation that offers credits within California’s Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program. The primary objective of the proposed standards is to require fleet average SULEV-level emissions performance from new vehicles by model year 2022. LEV III would add two new categories, ULEV50 and ULEV70, that are between the existing ULEV and SULEV categories and one new sub-SULEV category, SULEV20, that would be the new lowest vehicle emission category A word on the need for Gasoline Direct-Injection (GDI) Particulate Filters. The stringency of the proposed PM standard has not yet been determined; however, ARB staff is interested in ensuring foremost that new vehicle PM emissions levels do not gradually increase due to the emergence of new increased combustion efficiency engines. To ensure that PM emissions do not increase, the new PM standard will likely be between 2 and 4 mg/mile, depending on ongoing ARB emission testing and analysis. One important determination will be whether the proposed PM standard would effectively require particulate filters for gasoline direct injection technology, which is expected to become widespread as manufacturers comply with federal GHG regulations from model years 2012-2016. ARB staff has received input from a number of manufacturers suggesting that a standard of 3 mg PM/mi can be met for gasoline direct injection engines without requiring the use of particulate filters. Back to the 2014 Honda Accord PHEV-11 Column1Column2Column3Column4MakeModelEPA Combined MPGe RatingEPA Fuel Economy City/Highway/Combined (mpgUS)HondaAccord PHEV-11115 MPGe47/46/46FordFusion Energi PHEV-21100 MPGe44/41/43ChevyVolt98 MPGe35/40/37ToyotaPrius PHEV95 MPGe51/49/50 The 2014 Accord Plug-in Hybrid is powered by Honda’s two-motor hybrid system utilizing a 124-kilowatt (kW) electric traction motor that also acts like a continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) mated to a atkinsonized 2.0L i-VTEC I4. Electric-only operation is supported by a 6.7 kWh Li-Ion battery with regenerative braking provided by an all-new electric-servo braking system. To maximize driving efficiency, the new two-motor hybrid system allows the Accord Plug-In powertrain to transition seamlessly between all-electric EV Drive, gasoline-electric Hybrid Drive; and direct Engine Drive. Along with EV and HEV operation, Accord PHEV owners will be able to choose how they want to consume the stored electrical energy in the pack. In its default mode, the Accord PHEV acts as a BEV and will remain in full-electric mode until the SoC necessitates the automatic switch to gas/electric hybrid operation. At higher speeds and engine loads, such as during aggressive acceleration, the gas engine kicks in to provide additional power. There is a button on the center console that allows the driver to manually select or deselect EV mode allowing current or later EV mode in their neighborhood, or in city traffic on stop-and-go highway driving. In the driver-selectable “HV” mode, the plug-in Accord acts as a conventional hybrid, blending electric motor gasoline engine power to maximize fuel efficiency while maintaining the battery charge level for later use. The plug-in Accord can be fully charged from a low-charge indication point in less than three hours using the supplied 120V onboard charger when plugged into a standard 120V outlet and in less than one hour using a 240V Level-II charge. The free HondaLink EV smartphone application will allow owners to remotely monitor the charging state of the Accord Plug-In. Based on the Touring trim level of standard Accord Sedan but featuring unique but overly presumptuous styling cues. And about that price… It is a compliance vehicle today and maybe in a few years, the price will come down to make a lot more sense.